Psychological Approaches to Motivational Processes
in a Project Team
The purpose of the study is to analyze classical and modern theories of motivation terms of their relevance to increase motivation of a project team viewed as a holistic social organism. Motivational principles used to create and develop a project team are fundamentally different from those used for organizations with a rigid hierarchical structure. Successful leaders of projects have been demonstrated to shift motivating team members from a final outcome to a collaborative process making them more involved in the project, making project’s goal become their own. To achieve it they use the system of perspective goal-setting, as well as certain incentive strategies focusing on self-motivation of team members.
Ermolaeva Marina Valeryevna, Doctor of Sciences (Psychology), Professor, Industrial Logistics Department, Bauman Moscow State Technical University, 5, 2nd Baumanskaya st., Moscow, 105005, Russian Federation, e-mail: email@example.com
Kokueva Zhanna Mikhailovna, Candidate of Sciences (Technical), Associate Professor, Industrial Logistics Department, Bauman Moscow State Technical University, 5, 2nd Baumanskaya st., Moscow, 105005, Russian Federation, e-mail:firstname.lastname@example.org
Ermolaeva M.V., Kokueva J.M. Psychological Approaches to Motivational Processes in a Project Team. The Bulletin of Irkutsk State University. Series Psychology, 2019, vol. 28, pp. 20-34. https://doi.org/10.26516/2304-1226.2019.28.20 (in Russian)
Archibald R. Upravlenie vysokotehnologichnymi programmami i proektami [Management of high-tech programs and projects]. Moscow, Dmkpress Publ., 2010, 464 p. (in Russian)
Goler L., Gejl ZH., Grant A. Lyudi hotyat bol'shego: pochemu piramida Maslou uzhe ne rabotaet [People want more – why Maslow's pyramid doesn't work]. Garvard Biznes Revyu [Garvard Biznes Revyu]. Available at: https://amp.hbr-russia.ru/management/upravlenie-personalom/p26241 (data of access: 23.03.2018). (in Russian)
Gordeeva T.O. Psihologiya motivacii dostizheniya [Psychology of achievement motivation]. Moscow, Smisl Publ., 2015, 334 p. (in Russian)
Grachev A.A. Zhiznennye orientacii rabotnika v social'nom upravlenii organizaciej [ Life orientations of the employee in social management of the organization]. Psihologicheskie issledovaniya problem sovremennogo rossijskogo obshchestva [Psychological researches of problems of modern Russian society]. Moscow, Institute of psychology of RAS Publ., 2013, pp. 335-357. (in Russian)
Ermolaeva M.V., Okhotenko R.V. Udovletvorennost trudom kak obobshchennoe perezhivanie kachestva samorealizacii subekta v prostranstve ego samorazvitiya [Satisfaction with work as a generalized experience of the quality of self-realization of the subject in the space of his self-development]. Mir psihologii [World of psychology], 2009, no 2, pp. 249-255. (in Russian)
Herzberg F., Mausner B., Snyderman B. B. Motivaciya k rabote [Motivation to work]. Moscow, Vershina Publ, 2007, 240 p. (in Russian)
Kaprara Dzh., Servon D. Psikhologiya lichnosti [Psychology of personality]. Saint-Petersburg, Piter Publ., 2003, 288 p. (in Russian)
Maslow A. A. Maslou o menedzhmente [Maslow on Management]. Saint-Petersburg, Publ. Peter, 2003, 416 p. (in Russian)
McClelland D. Motivaciya cheloveka [Human Motivation]. Saint-Petersburg, Peter Publ., 2007, 672p. (in Russian)
Prodvizhenie lyudej I komand [Promotion of people and teams]. Saint-Petersburg, Peter Publ., 2015, 208 p. (in Russian)
Sheldrake D. Teoriya menedzhmenta ot tejlorizma do yaponizacii [Management Theory from Taylorism to japanization]. Saint-Petersburg, Peter Publ., 2001, 352 p. (in Russian)
Sheldrejk D. Mak-Gregor I chelovecheskaya storona predpriyatiya. [McGregor and the human side of the enterprise]. Moscow, Aspekt Press Publ., 2005, 254 p. (in Russian)
Bandura A. Self – efficacy. The exercise of control. New York, Freeman and Co. Publ., 1997, 264 p.
Berg M.E., Karlsen J.T. How project managers can encourage and develop positive emotions in project teams. International Journal of Managing Projects in Business, 2014, vol. 397, no 3, pp. 449-472.
Locke E.A., Latham G.P. A theory of goal setting and task performance. New York, Englewood Cliffs, Prentice-Hall Publ., 1990, 375 p.
Ryan R.M., Deci E.L., Grolnic W.S. Autonomy, relatedness, and the Self: their relation to development and psychopathology. Developmental psychology. Vol. 1. New York, a Willey – interscience Publ., 1995, pp. 618-655.