Sociocultural Model of Development of the Body Image
The paper discusses the sociocultural model of development of the body image that includes such factors as belonging to a certain group (ethnic, social, professional) and the influence of stereotypes; family factors (parental modeling, messages and attitudes, verbal and nonverbal feedback from parents and siblings, primary attachment); peer attitude (comments about the appearance, mocking, denying or approving media standards); information space – the media and the Internet (social networking, viewing images of a body, the standard of ultra slim body, video production, cartoons, etc.). The results of the research on various samples have been presented for every group of factors. The body image is influenced by certain factors with the possibility of their influence in combination with each other to take the phenomenon of buffering as an example.
Belogai Ksenia Nikolaevna, Candidate of Sciences (Psychology), Associate Professor, Department of Acmeology and Developmental Psychology, Kemerovo State University, 6, Krasnaya st., Kemerovo, 650000, Russian Federation, e-mail: Belogi@mail.ru
Belogai K.N. Sociocultural Model of Development of the Body Image. The Bulletin of Irkutsk State University. Series Psychology, 2018, vol. 25, pp. 14-25. https://doi.org/10.26516/2304-1226.2018.25.14 (in Russian)
Menzel J.E., Schaefer L.M., Burke N.L., Mayhew L.L., Bran-nick M.T. [et al.]. Appearance-related teasing, body dissatisfaction, and disordered eating: a meta-analysis. Body Image, 2010, vol. 7, pp. 261-270. DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2010.05.004.
Arroyo A., Segrin C., Andersen K.K. Intergenerational transmission of disordered eating: direct and indirect maternal communication among grandmothers, mothers, and daughters. Body Image, 2017, vol. 20, pp. 107-115. DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2017.01.001.
Swaminathan S., Selvam S., Pauline M., Vaz M. Associations between body weight perception and weight control behaviour in South Indian children: a cross-sectional study. British Medical Journal Open, 2013, vol. 3, pp. 1-8. DOI: 10.1136/bmjopen-2012-002239.
Bardone-Cone A.M., Harney M.B., Sayen L. Perceptions of parental attitudes toward body and eating: associations with body image among Black and White college women. Body Image, 2011, vol. 8(2), pp. 186-189. DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2010.12.001.
Herbozo, S., Tantleff-Dunn, S., Gokee-Larose, J., Thompson J.K. Beauty and thinness messages in children's media: A content analysis. Eating Disorders, 2004, vol. 12, pp. 21-34. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/10640260490267742 9.
Duchin O., Mora-Plazas M., Marin C., Leon C.M., Lee J.M., Baylin A., Villamor E. BMI and sociodemographic correlates of body image perception and attitudes in school-aged children. Public Health Nutrition, 2014, vol. 17(10), pp. 2216-2225. DOI: 10.1017/S1368980013002309.
Evans E.H., Tovée M.J., Boothroyd L.G., Drewett R.F. Body dissatisfaction and disordered eating attitudes in 7- to 11-year-old girls: Testing a sociocultural model. Body Image, 2013, vol. 10, pp. 8-15. DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2012.10.001.
Harriger J.A., Calogero R.M., Witherington D.C., Smith J.E. Body size stereotyping and internalisation of the thin ideal in preschool girls. Sex Roles, 2010, vol. 63, pp. 609-620. DOI 10.1007/s11199-010-9868-1.
Cheng H.L., Mallinckrodt B. Parental bonds, anxious attachment, media internalization, and body image dissatisfaction: exploring a mediation model. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 2009, vol. 56, pp. 365-375.
Cohena R., Newton-Johna T. Slaterb A. The relationship between Facebook and Instagram appearance-focused activities and body image concerns in young women. Body Image, 2017, vol. 23, pp. 183-187.
Fulkerson J.A., Story M., Mellin A., Leffert N., Neumark-Sztainer D. [et al.]. Family dinner meal frequency and adolescent development: Relationships with developmental assets and high-risk behaviors. Journal of Adolescent Health, 2006, vol. 39, pp. 337-345. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jadohealth.2005.12.026
Helfert S., Warschburger P. A prospective study on the impact of peer and parental pressure on body dissatisfaction in adolescent girls and boys. Body Image, 2011, vol. 8(2), pp. 101-109. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2011.01.004.
Helfert S., Warschburger P. A prospective study on the impact of peer and parental pressure on body dissatisfaction in adolescent girls and boys. Body Image, 2011, vol. 8(2), pp. 101-109.
Holmqvist K., Lunde, C., Frisén, A. Dieting behaviors, body shape perceptions, and body satisfaction: Cross-cultural differ-ences in Argentinean and Swedish 13-year-olds. Body Image, 2007, vol. 4, pp. 191-200. DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2007.03.001.
Holsen I., Jones D.C., Birkeland M.S. Body image satisfaction among norwegian adolescents and young adults. A longitudinal study of the influence of interpersonal relationships and BMI. Body Image, 2012, vol. 9, pp. 201-208. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/ j.bodyim.2012.01.006.
Amianto F., Northoff G., Abbate Daga G., Fassino S., Tasca G.A. Is anorexia nervosa a disorder of the self? A psychological approach. Frontiers in Psychology, 2016, vol. 7, article 849. DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2016.00849.
Jackson L.A., McGill O.D. Body type preferences and characteristics associated with attractive and unattractive bodies by African American and Anglo Americans. Sex Roles, 1996, vol. 35, pp. 295-307.
Kluck A. S. Family influence on disordered eating: the role of body image dissatisfaction. Body Image, 2010, vol. 7(1), pp. 8-14. DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2009.09.009
Duchin O., Marin C., Mora-Plazas M., Villamor E. Maternal body image dissatisfaction and BMI change in school-age children. Public Health Nutrition, 2016, vol. 19, pp. 287-292. DOI: 10.1017/S1368980015001317
McCabe M. P., Mellor D., Mealey A. An educational programme for parents on the body image of preschool-aged boys. Journal of Health Psychology, 2014, vol. 21, pp. 1241-1248.
Ofosu H.B., Lafreniere K.D., Senn C.Y. Body image perception among women of African descent: A normative context? Feminism & Psychology, 1998, vol. 8, pp. 303-323.
Michael S.L., Wentzel K., Elliott M. N., Dittus P.J., Kanouse D.E., Wallander J.L. Parental and Peer Factors Associated with Body Image Discrepancy among Fifth-Grade Boys and Girls. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 2014, vol. 43, pp. 15-29. DOI: 10.1007/s10964-012-9899-8.
Grenon R., Tasca G.A., Maxwell H., Balfour L., Proulx G. [et al.]. Parental bonds and body dissatisfaction in a clinical sample: the mediating roles of attachment anxiety and media internalization. Body Image, 2016, vol. 19, pp. 49-56. DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2016.08.005.
Field A.E., Camargo C.A., Taylor C.B., Berkey C.S., Roberts S.B., Colditz G.A. Peer, parent, and media influences on the development of weight concerns and frequent dieting among preadolescent and adolescent boys and girls. Pediatrics, 2001, vol. 107, is. 1, pp. 54-60. DOI: 10.1542/peds.107.1.54.
Herbozo S., Stevens S.D., Moldovan C.P., Morrell H.E.R. Positive comments, negative outcomes? The potential downsides of appearance-related commentary in ethnically diverse women. Body Image, 2017, jun. 21, pp. 6-14. DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2017.01.008.
Damiano S.R., Gregg K.J., Spiel E.C., McLean S.A., Wertheim E.H., Paxton J.S. Relationships between body size attitudes and body image of 4-year-old boys and girls, and attitudes of their fathers and mothers. Journal of Eating Disorders, 2015, vol. 3, pp. 1-10. DOI: 10.1186/s40337-015-0048-0.
Crespo C., Kielpikowski M., Jose P.E., Pryor J. Relationships between family connectedness and body satisfaction: A longitudinal study of adolescent boys and girls. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 2010, vol. 39, pp. 1392-1401.
Rucker C.E., Cash T.F. Body images, body-size perceptions, and eating behaviors among African American and White college women. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 1992, vol. 12, pp. 291-299. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/1098-108X(199211)12:3<291::AID-EAT2260120309>3.0.CO;2-A
Schaefer M.K., Blodgett Salafia E.H. The connection of teasing by parents, siblings, and peers with girls' body dissatisfaction and boys' drive for muscularity: the role of social comparison as a mediator. Eating Behaviors, 2014, vol. 15(4), pp. 599-608. DOI: 10.1016/j.eatbeh.2014.08.018.
Tatangelo G.L., Ricciardelli L.A. A qualitative study of preadolescent boys' and girls' body image: Gendered ideals and sociocultural influences. Body Image, 2013, vol. 10, pp. 591-598. DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2013.07.006.
Keery H., Boutelle K., van den Berg P., Thompson J.K. The impact of appearance-related teasing by family members. Journal of Adolescent Health, 2005, vol. 37, pp. 120-127. DOI: 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2004.08.015.
Boutelle K., Eisenberg M.E., Gregory M.L., Neumark-Sztainer D. The reciprocal relationship between parent-child connectedness and adolescent emotional functioning over 5 years. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 2009, vol. 66, pp. 309-316.
Usmiani S. Daniluk J. Mothers and Their Adolescent Daughters: Relationship Between Self-Esteem, Gender Role Identity, Body Image. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 1997, vol. 26, is. 1, pp. 45-62.