Social and Psychological Features of Russian Entrepreneurs both Men and Women
V. P. Poznyakov
The results of theoretical and empirical research of social and psychological features of Russian entrepreneurs both men and women are presented. The results reveal both similarity of social and psychological features of members of the social group under study – Russian entrepreneurs, and some differences which are due to gender affiliation. In general specific features of the entrepreneurs studied are active behavior strategy in most conflict situations, predominance of such interpersonal behavior styles as dominance, independence and aggression, and personal characteristics described as masculine. At the same time women-entrepreneurs with their social and psychological features are getting closer to men-entrepreneurs and are much different from stereotypes of typically feminine psychology. For men-entrepreneurs more positive attitude to risk taking and competition, higher opinion of their own capabilities and competitiveness in business are characteristic. Women-entrepreneurs have more marked socially oriented styles of interpersonal interaction and behavior strategy in conflict situations than men-entrepreneurs.
entrepreneurs, social psychology, economic psychology, gender, psychological attitude, risk taking, competition, interpersonal interaction style