Interrelation of Eating Habit and Body Image Parameters Based on Environment Predictors in Adolescent Girls
The paper analyzes the factors underlying the development of body image in adolescence: family predictors, social and cultural patterns, relations with peers and intimate partners, the media and the Internet. The results of the empirical study of the group of girls aged between 18 and 20 showed dependence of girls’ body image on the feedback from their parents and interrelation of girls’ body image with characterization of their eating behaviors. The study showed that the Russian girls were generally disgruntled at their appearance, which was proved by the survey of many samples around the world. Retrospective assessment of the feedback from parents received in adolescence is an important factor for girls affecting the level of acceptance of their own body. The feedback from an intimate partner plays an important role in the development of body image in adolescence as well.
Belogai Ksenia Nikolaevna, Candidate of Sciences (Psychology), Associate Professor, Department of Acmeology and Developmental Psychology, Kemerovo State University, 6, Krasnaya st., Kemerovo, 650000, Russian Federation, e-mail: Belogi@mail.ru
Belogai K. N. Interrelation of Eating Habit and Body Image Parameters Based on Environment Predictors in Adolescent Girls. The Bulletin of Irkutsk State University. Series Psychology, 2018, vol. 26, pp. 14-29. https://doi.org/10.26516/2304-1226.2018.26.14 (in Russian)
Belogai K.N., Morozova I.S. Psikhologii͡a telesnosti: problemy stanovlenii͡a, napravlenii͡a issledovaniĭ, tekhnologii psikhologicheskoĭ pomoshchi: uchebnoe posobie [Psychology of corporeality: problems of formation, directions of research, technology of psychological help]. Kemerovo, Kemerovo State University Publ., 2018, pp. 174-203. (in Russian)
Belugina E.V. Otnoshenie k svoemu vneshnemu obliku v period serediny zhizni [Attitude to his appearance in the middle of life. Cand. sci. diss]. Rostov-n-Donu, 2003, 199 p. (in Russian)
Vasilenko T.D. Telesnost i subyektivnaya kartina zhiznennogo puti lichnosti: [Corporeality and subjective picture of a person's life path. Doct. sci. diss]. Kursk, 2011, 414 p. (in Russian)
Dorozhevets A. N. Iskazheniye obraza fizicheskogo Ya u bolnykh ozhireniyem i nervnoy anoreksiyey [Distortion of the image of the physical self in patients with obesity and anorexia nervosa. Cand. sci. diss]. Moscow, 1986, 194 p. (in Russian)
Skugarevskiy O.A. Narusheniya pishchevogo povedeniya: monografiya [Disorders of eating behavior]. Minsk, 2007, 340 p. (in Russian)
Bronfenbrenner U., Evans G.W. Developmental science in the 21st century: Emerging questions, theoretical models, research designs, and empirical findings. Social Development, 2000, vol. 9, pp. 115-125.
Croll J. Body Image and Adolescents. Guidelines for Adolescent Nutrition. Services J. Stang, M. Story (eds.). Minneapolis, MN. 2005. pp. 155-166. Available at: http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.620.934&rep=rep1&type=pdf
Grabe S., Ward L. M. Hyde J. S. The role of the media in body image concerns among women: a meta-analysis of experimental and correlational studies. Psychological Bulletin, 2008, vol. 134(3), pp. 460-476. https://doi.org/10.1037/0033-2909.134.3.460
Holmqvist Gattario K. Body image in adolescence: through the lenses of culture, gender and positive psychology. Sweden. University of Gothenburg, 2013, 97 p. Available at: http://hdl.handle.net/2077/34266
Kostanski M., Fisher A., Gullone E. Current conceptualisation of body image dissatisfaction: Have we got it wrong? Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2004, vol. 45, pp. 1317-1325.
Greenberg B.S. [et. al]. Portrayals of overweight individuals on commercial television. American Journal of Public Health, 2003, vol. 93(8), pp. 1342-1348.
Stice E. [et. al]. Relation of media exposure to eating disorder symptomatology: An examination of mediating mechanisms. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 1994, vol. 103, pp. 836-840. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0021-843X.103.4.836
Shroff H., Thompson J.K. The tripartite influence model of body image and eating disturbance: A replication with adolescent girls. Body Image, 2006, vol. 3, pp. 17-23. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2005.10.004
Tiggemann M., Miller J. The Internet and adolescent girls’ weight satisfaction and drive for thinness. Sex Roles, 2010, vol. 63, pp. 79-90. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11199-010-9789-z
Wertheim E. H., Paxton S. J. Body image development – adolescent girls // Encyclopedia of body image and human appearance. Cash T.F. (ed.). London, UK, Academic Press, 2012, pp. 187-193.
Wood-Barcalow N.L., Tylka T.L., Augustus-Horvath C.L. «But I like my body»: Positive body image characteristics and a holistic model for young-adult women. Body Image, 2010, vol. 7, pp. 106-116. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2010.01.0012010.11